Seeing Red


In the next issue of the journal Haemophilia, two researchers, Katherine Ponder and Alok Srivistava, take me to task for an article I recently published on the ethics of hemophilia gene transfer trials.  My article discusses the little noticed phenomenon of researchers at elite medical centers in the U.S. recruiting trial subjects in Brazil and India for Phase 1 studies.

Ponder and Srivastava make two basic arguments in defense of the practice: 1- they represent a good therapeutic option for persons living in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) who can’t afford standard of care of high-income countries, and 2- we needn’t worry about exploitation at all, because such studies might produce medical applications that can be used in LMICs.

Could be.  But the latter argument strikes me as logical and doubtful as any generic ethical claim, such as “We needn’t worry about safety in gene transfer trials, because gene transfer can be safe.”  At any rate, look for a full response to their letter in an upcoming issue of Haemophilia. (photo credit: wallyg 2008– Rothko No.25/28).


    title = {Seeing Red},
    journal = {STREAM research},
    author = {Jonathan Kimmelman},
    address = {Montreal, Canada},
    date = 2008,
    month = apr,
    day = 4,
    url = {}


Jonathan Kimmelman. "Seeing Red" Web blog post. STREAM research. 04 Apr 2008. Web. 25 Feb 2021. <>


Jonathan Kimmelman. (2008, Apr 04). Seeing Red [Web log post]. Retrieved from


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